1

Topic: 403 Forbidden iredamin only

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====

Dear friends,
Yesterday I install the IredMail and I'm very surprised with it. A great solution.

Yesterday I was using the IredAdmin to create some mail accounts and domains without problems. After that, I upgrade the Roundcube, install some plugins there and I install the webmin too. Everything was fine.

Today when I try to use IredAdmin, I don't know why but I received a 403 Forbiden error *ONLY* in IredAdmin. The phpMyAdmin is ok, phpLdapAdmin is ok and the Roundcube works fine.

I checked all apache conf files and I can't find any problem and/or change and I can't find a clue about this situation.

Here is the files and logs:

ls Apache root:
root@server:/usr/share/apache2# ls -l
total 32
drwxr-xr-x 2 root      root       4096 May 18 11:36 build
drwxr-xr-x 2 root      root       4096 May 18 11:36 default-site
drwxr-xr-x 3 root      root       4096 May 18 11:36 error
drwxr-xr-x 3 root      root      12288 May 18 11:36 icons
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root      root         34 May 18 11:38 iredadmin -> /usr/share/apache2/iRedAdmin-0.2.1
drwxr-xr-x 8 iredadmin iredadmin  4096 May 19 14:13 iRedAdmin-0.2.1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root      root         38 May 19 11:59 roundcubemail -> /usr/share/apache2/roundcubemail-0.9.1
drwxr-xr-x 9 root      root       4096 May 19 12:41 roundcubemail-0.9.1
#####################

iredadmin.conf
root@server:/usr/share/apache2# cat /etc/apache2/conf.d/iredadmin.conf
WSGISocketPrefix /var/run/wsgi
WSGIDaemonProcess iredadmin user=iredadmin threads=15
WSGIProcessGroup iredadmin

AddType text/html .py

<Directory /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/>
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>
#####################

default-ssl file
root@server:/usr/share/apache2# cat /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl
<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
<VirtualHost _default_:443>
DocumentRoot /var/www
    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
    </Directory>
    <Directory /var/www/>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn

    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/ssl_access.log combined

    #   SSL Engine Switch:
    #   Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.
    SSLEngine on

    #   A self-signed (snakeoil) certificate can be created by installing
    #   the ssl-cert package. See
    #   /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz for more info.
    #   If both key and certificate are stored in the same file, only the
    #   SSLCertificateFile directive is needed.
    SSLCertificateFile /etc/ssl/certs/iRedMail_CA.pem
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/iRedMail.key

    #   Server Certificate Chain:
    #   Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the
    #   concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the
    #   certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively
    #   the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile
    #   when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server
    #   certificate for convinience.
    #SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/apache2/ssl.crt/server-ca.crt

    #   Certificate Authority (CA):
    #   Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA
    #   certificates for client authentication or alternatively one
    #   huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)
    #   Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks
    #         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
    #         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
    #SSLCACertificatePath /etc/ssl/certs/
    #SSLCACertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt

    #   Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):
    #   Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client
    #   authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all
    #   of them (file must be PEM encoded)
    #   Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks
    #         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
    #         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
    #SSLCARevocationPath /etc/apache2/ssl.crl/
    #SSLCARevocationFile /etc/apache2/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl

    #   Client Authentication (Type):
    #   Client certificate verification type and depth.  Types are
    #   none, optional, require and optional_no_ca.  Depth is a
    #   number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate
    #   issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.
    #SSLVerifyClient require
    #SSLVerifyDepth  10

    #   Access Control:
    #   With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
    #   on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
    #   variable checks and other lookup directives.  The syntax is a
    #   mixture between C and Perl.  See the mod_ssl documentation
    #   for more details.
    #<Location />
    #SSLRequire (    %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
    #            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
    #            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
    #            and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
    #            and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20       ) \
    #           or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
    #</Location>

    #   SSL Engine Options:
    #   Set various options for the SSL engine.
    #   o FakeBasicAuth:
    #     Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation.  This means that
    #     the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control.  The
    #     user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.
    #     Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user
    #     file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.
    #   o ExportCertData:
    #     This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and
    #     SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the
    #     server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client
    #     authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates
    #     into CGI scripts.
    #   o StdEnvVars:
    #     This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.
    #     Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,
    #     because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually
    #     useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the
    #     exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.
    #   o StrictRequire:
    #     This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even
    #     under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied
    #     and no other module can change it.
    #   o OptRenegotiate:
    #     This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL
    #     directives are used in per-directory context.
    #SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
    <FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
        SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
    </FilesMatch>
    <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
        SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
    </Directory>

    #   SSL Protocol Adjustments:
    #   The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown
    #   approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for
    #   the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown
    #   approach you can use one of the following variables:
    #   o ssl-unclean-shutdown:
    #     This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no
    #     SSL close notify alert is send or allowed to received.  This violates
    #     the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use
    #     this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where
    #     mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.
    #   o ssl-accurate-shutdown:
    #     This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a
    #     SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify
    #     alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in
    #     practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use
    #     this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation
    #     works correctly.
    #   Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP
    #   keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable
    #   keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.
    #   Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround
    #   their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and
    #   "force-response-1.0" for this.
    BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-6]" \
        nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
        downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
    # MSIE 7 and newer should be able to use keepalive
    BrowserMatch "MSIE [17-9]" ssl-unclean-shutdown

Alias /cluebringer "/usr/share/postfix-cluebringer-webui/webui/"
Alias /iredadmin/static "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/static/"
WSGIScriptAlias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/iredadmin.py/"
Alias /awstats/icon "/usr/share/awstats/icon/"
Alias /awstatsicon "/usr/share/awstats/icon/"
ScriptAlias /awstats "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/"
Alias /webmail "/usr/share/apache2/roundcubemail/"
Alias /phpldapadmin "/usr/share/phpldapadmin/"
Alias /roundcube "/usr/share/apache2/roundcubemail/"
Alias /ldap "/usr/share/phpldapadmin/"
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/phpmyadmin/"
Alias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/"
</VirtualHost>
</IfModule>
#####################

Apache error.log (excerpt)
[Sun May 19 14:13:43 2013] [notice] Apache/2.2.22 (Debian) mod_ssl/2.2.22 OpenSSL/1.0.1e mod_wsgi/3.3 Python/2.7.3 configured -- resuming normal operations
[Sun May 19 14:14:31 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Sun May 19 14:14:31 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:14:32 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:15:10 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Sun May 19 14:15:10 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:15:11 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:15:16 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Sun May 19 14:15:17 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:15:17 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:15:56 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:16:09 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Sun May 19 14:16:09 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Sun May 19 14:16:09 2013] [error] [client 186.247.123.152] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico

Someone have a clue about what's happen?

Thank you

2

Re: 403 Forbidden iredamin only

WSGIScriptAlias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/iredadmin.py/"
...
Alias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/"

Duplicate alias entries in /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl. Please remove the second one, and keep "WSGIScriptAlias" line.

3

Re: 403 Forbidden iredamin only

Dear Zhang,

Thank you for your answer.

I make what you tell me but unfortunately nothing change. Look how is the default-ssl now:

....
Alias /cluebringer "/usr/share/postfix-cluebringer-webui/webui/"
WSGIScriptAlias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/iredadmin.py/"
Alias /iredadmin/static "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/static/"
Alias /awstats/icon "/usr/share/awstats/icon/"
Alias /awstatsicon "/usr/share/awstats/icon/"
ScriptAlias /awstats "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/"
Alias /webmail "/usr/share/apache2/roundcubemail/"
Alias /phpldapadmin "/usr/share/phpldapadmin/"
Alias /roundcube "/usr/share/apache2/roundcubemail/"
Alias /ldap "/usr/share/phpldapadmin/"
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/phpmyadmin/"

and this is the error.log

[Mon May 20 10:31:27 2013] [notice] Apache/2.2.22 (Debian) mod_ssl/2.2.22 OpenSSL/1.0.1e mod_wsgi/3.3 Python/2.7.3 configured -- resuming normal operations
[Mon May 20 10:31:39 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Mon May 20 10:31:40 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:31:40 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:31:53 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Mon May 20 10:31:53 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:31:53 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:34:31 2013] [notice] caught SIGTERM, shutting down
[Mon May 20 10:34:32 2013] [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?)
[Mon May 20 10:34:32 2013] [warn] RSA server certificate is a CA certificate (BasicConstraints: CA == TRUE !?)
[Mon May 20 10:34:32 2013] [warn] mod_wsgi: Compiled for Python/2.7.2+.
[Mon May 20 10:34:32 2013] [warn] mod_wsgi: Runtime using Python/2.7.3.
[Mon May 20 10:34:32 2013] [notice] Apache/2.2.22 (Debian) mod_ssl/2.2.22 OpenSSL/1.0.1e mod_wsgi/3.3 Python/2.7.3 configured -- resuming normal operations
[Mon May 20 10:34:46 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Mon May 20 10:34:46 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:34:47 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:37:57 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:37:58 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:39:49 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Mon May 20 10:39:49 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:39:49 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:39:51 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] Directory index forbidden by Options directive: /usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/
[Mon May 20 10:39:51 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico
[Mon May 20 10:39:51 2013] [error] [client 201.78.93.7] File does not exist: /var/www/favicon.ico

Any idea about it?

Thank you

4

Re: 403 Forbidden iredamin only

Hi Zhang,

Forget it. I found the problem!

At /etc/apache2/conf.d/roundcubemail.conf I found this line: Alias /iredadmin "/usr/share/apache2/iredadmin/"

After I comment it, the system works again.

Thank you for your support!